Reach Your Academic Goals.

Join Today to Score Better

Connect to the brainpower of an academic dream team. Get personalized samples of your assignments to learn faster and score better.

Connect to a Paper Expert

How can our experts help?

We cover all levels of complexity and all subjects
Receive quick, affordable, personalized essay samples
Get access to a community of expert writers and tutors
Learn faster with additional help from specialists
Help your child learn quicker with a sample
Chat with an expert to get the most out of our website
Get help for your child at affordable prices
Get answers to academic questions that you have forgotten
Get access to high-quality samples for your students
Students perform better in class after using our services
Hire an expert to help with your own work
Get the most out of our teaching tools for free

The Samples - a new way to teach and learn

Check out the paper samples our experts have completed. Hire one now to get your own personalized sample in less than 8 hours!

Competing in the Global and Domestic Marketplace:
Mary Kay, Inc.

Case study
Read Sample

Reservation Wage in Labor Economics

Read Sample

Pizza Hut and IMC: Becoming a Multichannel Marketer

Case study
High School
Read Sample

Washburn Guitar Company: Break-Even Analysis

Case study
Read Sample

Crime & Immigration

Read Sample

Interdisciplinary Team Cohesion in Healthcare Management

Case study
Read Sample

Customer care that warms your heart

Our support managers are here to serve!
Check out the paper samples our writers have completed. Hire one now to get your own personalized sample in less than 8 hours!
Hey, do you have any experts on American History?
Hey, he has written over 520 History Papers! I recommend that you choose Tutor Andrew
Oh wow, how do I speak with him?!
Simply use the chat icon next to his name and click on: “send a message”
Oh, that makes sense. Thanks a lot!!
Guaranteed to reply in just minutes!
Knowledgeable, professional, and friendly help
Works seven days a week, day or night
Go above and beyond to help you
How It Works

How Does Our Service Work?

Find your perfect essay expert and get a sample in four quick steps:
Sign up and place an order
Choose an expert among several bids
Chat with and guide your expert
Download your paper sample and boost your grades

Register a Personal Account

Register an account on the Studyfy platform using your email address. Create your personal account and proceed with the order form.


Submit Your Requirements & Calculate the Price

Just fill in the blanks and go step-by-step! Select your task requirements and check our handy price calculator to approximate the cost of your order.

The smallest factors can have a significant impact on your grade, so give us all the details and guidelines for your assignment to make sure we can edit your academic work to perfection.

Hire Your Essay Editor

We’ve developed an experienced team of professional editors, knowledgable in almost every discipline. Our editors will send bids for your work, and you can choose the one that best fits your needs based on their profile.

Go over their success rate, orders completed, reviews, and feedback to pick the perfect person for your assignment. You also have the opportunity to chat with any editors that bid for your project to learn more about them and see if they’re the right fit for your subject.


Receive & Check your Paper

Track the status of your essay from your personal account. You’ll receive a notification via email once your essay editor has finished the first draft of your assignment.

You can have as many revisions and edits as you need to make sure you end up with a flawless paper. Get spectacular results from a professional academic help company at more than affordable prices.

Release Funds For the Order

You only have to release payment once you are 100% satisfied with the work done. Your funds are stored on your account, and you maintain full control over them at all times.

Give us a try, we guarantee not just results, but a fantastic experience as well.


Enjoy a suite of free extras!

Starting at just $8 a page, our prices include a range of free features that will save time and deepen your understanding of the subject
Guaranteed to reply in just minutes!
Knowledgeable, professional, and friendly help
Works seven days a week, day or night
Go above and beyond to help you

Latest Customer Feedback


My deadline was so short

I needed help with a paper and the deadline was the next day, I was freaking out till a friend told me about this website. I signed up and received a paper within 8 hours!

Customer 102815


Best references list

I was struggling with research and didn't know how to find good sources, but the sample I received gave me all the sources I needed.

Customer 192816


A real helper for moms

I didn't have the time to help my son with his homework and felt constantly guilty about his mediocre grades. Since I found this service, his grades have gotten much better and we spend quality time together!

Customer 192815


Friendly support

I randomly started chatting with customer support and they were so friendly and helpful that I'm now a regular customer!

Customer 192833


Direct communication

Chatting with the writers is the best!

Customer 251421


My grades go up

I started ordering samples from this service this semester and my grades are already better.

Customer 102951


Time savers

The free features are a real time saver.

Customer 271625


They bring the subject alive

I've always hated history, but the samples here bring the subject alive!

Customer 201928



I wouldn't have graduated without you! Thanks!

Customer 726152

Frequently Asked Questions

For students

If I order a paper sample does that mean I'm cheating?

Not at all! There is nothing wrong with learning from samples. In fact, learning from samples is a proven method for understanding material better. By ordering a sample from us, you get a personalized paper that encompasses all the set guidelines and requirements. We encourage you to use these samples as a source of inspiration!

Why am I asked to pay a deposit in advance?

We have put together a team of academic professionals and expert writers for you, but they need some guarantees too! The deposit gives them confidence that they will be paid for their work. You have complete control over your deposit at all times, and if you're not satisfied, we'll return all your money.

How should I use my paper sample?

We value the honor code and believe in academic integrity. Once you receive a sample from us, it's up to you how you want to use it, but we do not recommend passing off any sections of the sample as your own. Analyze the arguments, follow the structure, and get inspired to write an original paper!

For teachers & parents

Are you a regular online paper writing service?

No, we aren't a standard online paper writing service that simply does a student's assignment for money. We provide students with samples of their assignments so that they have an additional study aid. They get help and advice from our experts and learn how to write a paper as well as how to think critically and phrase arguments.

How can I get use of your free tools?

Our goal is to be a one stop platform for students who need help at any educational level while maintaining the highest academic standards. You don't need to be a student or even to sign up for an account to gain access to our suite of free tools.

How can I be sure that my student did not copy paste a sample ordered here?

Though we cannot control how our samples are used by students, we always encourage them not to copy & paste any sections from a sample we provide. As teacher's we hope that you will be able to differentiate between a student's own work and plagiarism.

What Was Marilyn Monroe Famous For

what are the similarities between christianity and judaism - Triggers are substances or situations that cause an asthma episode or worsening of day to day asthma symptoms. One goal of asthma management is to eliminate as many triggers as possible. Each child has their own set of triggers. It is often hard to identify the event that causes a . disorder, asthma is marked by air-way hyperresponsiveness with re - current episodes of wheezing, coughing, tightness of the chest, and shortness of breath. Typically, these episodes are associated with airflow obstruction that may be re - versed spontaneously or with treatment. Asthma affects approximately million people around the world. Cause Analysis of the Yokkaichi Asthma Episode in Japan Tetsuzo Kitagawa Yokohama National University Yokohama, Japan The cause of the Yokkaichi asthma episode () has been analyzed. It Is concluded that the respiratory diseases were due not to sulfur dioxide but to concentrated sulfuric acid mists emitted fromCreated Date: 1/12/ PM. Cmm 523 Unit 3 Assignment

Argumentative Essay: The Benefits Of Football

Myth Of The Geraldines Analysis

Strength And Power In John Steinbecks Of Mice And Men - The most common asthma triggers include: Allergies (Allergic Asthma) Substances that cause allergies (allergens) can trigger asthma. If you inhale something you are allergic to, you may experience asthma is best to avoid or limit contact with known allergens . Feb 27,  · Ninety-three percent had health plan eligibility in and were included in this analysis. Both acute and routine asthma utilization increased with increasing numbers of asthma control problems. Rates of acute care episodes were (95% confidence interval [CI] = , ) times more likely for those with 3 to 4 control problems versus those Cited by: perform during most critical asthmatic episodes. Statistical analysis wasperformed using Student's t test and the Person correlation coefficient was calculated. Results Arterial oxygen tension and arterial carbon dioxide tension. In 33 measurementsoutof35, the Cited by: 2. Gang-Related Violence In Schools Essay

Ssmc Mission Statement Analysis

Difference Between The East And West Egg In The Great Gatsby

Structure In Whos Afraid Of Virginia Woolf - Apr 14,  · We are open for safe in-person care. Learn more: Mayo Clinic facts about coronavirus disease (COVID) Our COVID patient and visitor guidelines, plus trusted health information Latest on COVID vaccination by site: Arizona patient vaccination updates Arizona, Florida patient vaccination updates Florida, Rochester patient vaccination updates Rochester and Mayo Clinic . Objectives —To assess the evidence for the effects of physical training on pulmonary function, symptoms, cardiopulmonary fitness, and quality of life in subjects with asthma. Methods —A search was conducted for randomised controlled trials of subjects with asthma undertaking physical training using the Cochrane Airways Group register of controlled clinical trials, Medline, Embase. Results: Most of the study participants (59%) reported not having an asthma management plan. Children who experienced an asthma episode in the past 12 months were less likely to have an asthma management plan (OR, Panalysis, Whites were significantly more likely than were Blacks and Hispanics to have an asthma management plan (OR , P). Hoovers Rugged Individualism

A Raisin In The Sun Walter Character Analysis

The Destruction Of PTSD In The Military

Drive Reduction Theory Of Motivation - Aug 21,  · People with asthma are not allergic to their pet’s fur, so trimming a pet’s fur will not help your asthma. Mold. Breathing in mold can trigger an asthma attack whether or not you are allergic to mold. Indoor mold growth is often found in damp areas such as kitchens, bathrooms, and basements, or in areas where water damage has occurred. Mar 10,  · Excessive production of mucus, which clogs the air passages. Inflammation of the air passages as a result of the abnormal immune response. These physiological actions lead to the wheezing, coughing, chest tightness, and shortness of breath experienced during an asthma attack. 1. Asthma is an increasing health problem worldwide, but the long-term temporal pattern of clinical symptoms is not understood and predicting asthma episodes is not generally possible. We analyse the time series of peak expiratory flows, a standard measurement of airway function that has been assessed Cited by: Buddhism World Religion

Conflict management in nursing

Life Is Beautiful Movie And Book Comparison Essay

Personal Narrative: Landscaping Home - Dec 01,  · The ability to predict the long-term risk of asthma episodes would provide a much-needed quantitative basis for evaluating new drugs and refining treatment regimes. That was the Cited by: It has been known for decades that the subepithelial connective tissue of the asthmatic airway has many more blood vessels than are found in similar locations in normal subjects [].It is now recognized that bronchial vessels play a key role in the pathophysiology of asthma (Fig. ).Despite this anatomic knowledge, little is known about the role of the bronchial circulation in asthma. Sep 12,  · Table 5 shows results of GEE models for risk of asthma symptom episodes (bothersome or more severe) in the 21 asthmatic children versus log . Voting And Presidential Election

Gender Roles In Harry Potter And The Philosophers Stone

Lyndon B. Johnsons Great Society

Should Guns Be Allowed On Campus Essay - BACKGROUND Seasonal variations in asthma are widely recognised. This study was undertaken to investigate the relative differences in seasonal patterns by age as they impact on episodes of care in general practice, hospital admissions, and deaths. METHODS General practice episode data from the Weekly Returns Service of the Royal College of General Practitioners, hospital admissions for asthma. Jun 09,  · The delirium episodes were independently associated with asthma exacerbation as a cause of hospitalization OR = (CI = ) and with COPD exacerbation OR = (CI = ). The delirium episodes were also associated with polypragmasy (more than 5 drugs used in chronic therapy), as found for both patients with asthma (OR = Author: Andrzej Bozek, Rafał Fiolka, Magdalena Zajac. Male gender, asthmatic heredity, perinatal tobacco smoke exposure and respiratory infections have been associated with wheeze in the first years of life, among other risk factors. However, information about what factors modify the time to the first episode of wheeze in infants is lacking. The presen Cited by: 8. Personal Narrative: My Experience With A New Charge Nurse

Nellie Bly, William R Hearst, And Joseph Pulitzer

A Dangerous Company Analysis

Nellie Bly, William R Hearst, And Joseph Pulitzer - Oct 11,  · Asthma is a chronic lung disease caused by inflammation of the lower airways and episodes of airflow obstruction. Asthma episodes or attacks can vary from mild to life-threatening. In , about 7% percent of the U.S. population was diagnosed with asthma and there have been a growing number of new cases since that time. There are several known risk factors identified as . Asthmatic episodes can be devastating to the people that experience them, especially those brought on due to an allergic reaction to a substance in their indoor environment. According to the Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America*, the allergic asthmatic reaction creates an inflammatory process resulting in the constriction and inflammation of the airways of the affected individual's lungs. Nov 01,  · Moreover, non-parametric analysis showed how poor control of asthma is associated with a higher prevalence of lifetime anxiety disorders, whereas intermittent asthma, and, to a lesser degree, persistent and moderate/severe levels of asthma, are associated with a higher risk of lifetime anxiety disorders, and in a less evident manner, to current. Controvery Politics Pros And Cons

Btec Level 3 Unit 2 P1

Blind The World In Elie Wiesels Night

The Importance Of Workforce Diversity In The Workplace - Conversely, the variability (coefficient of variation; the risk of asthma episodes requires a detailed knowledge of the CV), of the PEF series is significantly higher in the SA than in either temporal patterns of the fluctuations in airway function; however, the LA or PL period (paired t-tests, P # ), whereas the CV in the the long-term. Jan 10,  · Asthma is the most common chronic childhood condition worldwide (Lazarus, ).It is highly co-morbid with anxiety disorders, primarily generalised anxiety disorder, but also separation anxiety, specific phobia and panic (Lu et al., ; Vuillermin et al., ) and up to a third of children with asthma meet criteria for an anxiety diagnosis (Katon et al., ). Jan 06,  · Sensitivity analysis: multivariate final models investigating factors associated with an antibiotic prescription or change in asthma medication within three days of an ALRTIa episode, stratified by asthma statusb and restricted to patients first ALRTI infection in the study period. Difference Between The East And West Egg In The Great Gatsby

Essay On Gender Discrimination In Technology Industry

Willy Deception

Bf Skinner Beyond Freedom And Dignity Analysis - Nov 03,  · Copsac has discovered that asthmatic exacerbations are as closely linked to bacterial as to viral infection. The current study will examine whether treatment of asthmatic exacerbations with macrolide antibiotics - in the abscence of clear clinical bacterial infection which would in any case precipitate antibiotic treatment - has an effect on either the particular episode, or subsequently. Asthma is a long-term inflammatory disease of the airways of the lungs. It is characterized by variable and recurring symptoms, reversible airflow obstruction, and easily triggered bronchospasms. Symptoms include episodes of wheezing, coughing, chest tightness, and shortness of breath. These may occur a few times a day or a few times per week. Depending on the person, asthma symptoms may. Asthma is a common chronic disorder of the airways that involves a complex interaction of airflow obstruction, bronchial hyperresponsiveness and an underlying inflammation. This interaction can be highly variable among patients and within patients over time. This section presents a definition of asthma, a description of the processes on which that definition is based—the pathophysiology and. different types of computer games

Invisible Man Double Consciousness Analysis

Moral Judgement Analysis

How To Tame A Wild Tongue By Gloria AnazaldГєa - Jan 14,  · The meta-analysis was performed with the Review Manager software (Cochrane IMS, ). Results. All included patients met the criteria of acute asthma episodes, but with variation in the definition and severity. Mandhane et al. included patients aged 12–60 months who presented in ED with a wheeze episode confirmed by physician or. Episodes of airflow obstruction in asthmatic children are often precipitated by viral infections of the upper respiratory tract Thus, one way in which exposure to NO 2 might aggravate asthma is by increasing the chance of an asthmatic episode when an upper respiratory infection occurs. To test this hypothesis we carried out a panel study of. Apr 29,  · The purpose of this study is to evaluate the association between sleep duration, asthma-related episodes/attacks and ED visits. Methods: This study included asthma participants from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System Questionnaire during – Self-reported sleep duration was classified into three groups: ≤ 6 h (short. Satir Change Model

What was marilyn monroe famous for

Analysis: The Deepening Divide

Heat Of Reaction Lab Report - asthmatic episodes [5]. Other symptoms of asthma include coughing, shortness of breath and chest tightness. The airways of asthmatic patient are hypersensitive to stimulus and allergies causing a chronic inflammation of the airways when exposed to such triggers. Forced spirometry is a pulmonary function test that is used in. treatment of an acute asthmatic episode. METHODOLOGY Patients Patients aged 6–16 years inclusive, with acute asthma, who analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) with factors for treatment, stratification, and interaction effects between treatment and stratification in . Apr 12,  · Introduction. Asthma is a major public health issue. In the United States alone, it affects million children and million adults, and is a significant cause of morbidity and amo-inc-jp.somee.comly, it affects an estimated million people, and is responsible for approximately 1 out of every amo-inc-jp.somee.comally troubling is that it has increased significantly in the past 2–3 decades. Elie Wiesel Loss Of Faith Analysis

Dbq The Nazis

The Role Of Perfectionism In Our Society

Essay On Media And Body Image - Jun 01,  · REBEL Cast Episode The Crashing Asthmatic. Acute severe asthma, formerly called status asthmaticus, is defined as severe asthma unresponsive to repeated courses of beta-agonist therapy or subcutaneous epinephrine. It is a medical emergency that requires immediate recognition and treatment. Recently, Anand Swaminathan (Twitter: @EMSwami. Jan 12,  · Allergic asthma (AA) is the most common type of asthma [].It is a chronic global health problem accounting for substantial morbidity and health-care expenditures [2, 3].The total annual cost of asthma in Europe is estimated to be € billion [].Moderate and severe exacerbations significantly increase asthma-related and total health-care costs []. Jul 01,  · Even in patients with clinically stable asthma with normal lung function, the airways are characterized by inflammatory changes, including mucosal swelling. In order to investigate whether lung sounds can distinguish these subjects from normal subjects, we compared lung sound characteristics between eight normal and nine symptom-free subjects with mild asthma. Similarities Between Anne Frank And The Boy In The Striped Pajamas

Apalachicola Bay Research Paper

Advantages And Disadvantages Of Wireless Networks

Commitment In The Jungle Ona Analysis - Jan 28,  · These would have the potential to cause an asthma attack. It has been difficult to determine at what levels these compounds cause asthma episodes because multiple exposures occur at the same time in any given home or community. More research is needed to identify which air toxics cause asthma episodes and at what level the episodes occur. Mar 02,  · Post-hoc subgroup analysis suggests that although ICS is effective in asthma and recurrent wheezing, but with stronger effect in those with a diagnosis of asthma than wheezing (interactive test RR = [–], p = ); but was independent of age (infants vs. preschoolers), atopic condition, type of inhaled corticosteroid (budesonide. In a previous panel study in Paris, France, detrimental effects of moderately high levels of winter air pollution on the symptoms and lung function of asthmatic children were demonstrated. A new study was conducted, with the aim of assessing the short-term effects of photo-oxidant and particulate air pollution on childhood asthma during spring and early summer in Paris. A Rhetorical Analysis Of Nancy Mairs Cripple

How Does Ulysses S. Grant Show Courage

The Role Of Gender Norms In Alice Walkers The Color Purple

The Machine Of Death Analysis - Aug 31,  · Previous episode(s) with asthma-like symptoms and / medical treatment with SABA as mono-therapy or SABA in combination with ICS and possibly LTRA. The parent/guardian(s) agrees to admit the child and is willing to follow the procedure of the trial. The child is between months old. Fluent Danish skills with parents / guardians. Exclusion. Jul 21,  · Introduction. Depression and asthma are two highly prevalent chronic diseases in the United States and worldwide, imposing unacceptable social and economic burdens on the public healthcare system [1,2].Approximately 16% of adults in the United States are diagnosed with major depression disorder, and % of men and % of women will likely experience an episode of . Dec 02,  · Quantifying the effects of personal health behaviors and environmental exposure on asthma flare-ups is a challenge. Most studies have focused on monitoring the symptoms and drug usage for relieving symptoms. In this study, we emphasize the need to understand how personal and environmental conditions are related to the occurrence of asthma by: 5. Miracle League Essay

The Pros And Cons Of 9/11

Asthmatic Episode Analysis

Asthma is one of the most common respiratory diseases affecting Asthmatic Episode Analysis age Asthmatic Episode Analysis. The world The Importance Of Love In Hursts The Scarlet Ibis now trying to identify some dietary factors which can play a preventive role. Random effects Asthmatic Episode Analysis was used for Asthmatic Episode Analysis the risk estimates. Total five articles were included. Most of them were from Australia. On meta-analysis, the pooled estimate of odds ratios by random effects model showed no significant change in incidence of asthma after supplementation of omega-3 FA in infancy or childhood OR 0.

We concluded that a multicentric RCT is required to assess the effect of omega-3 FA supplementation exclusively to infants or children to predict the best time of omega-3 FA supplementation to prevent asthmatic or wheezing episodes later in life. Around million people are suffering from this Asthmatic Episode Analysis worldwide [ 1 ]. The increasing prevalence of Elie Wiesel Loss Of Faith Analysis over the years is an important cause of concern all over the globe. Hence, the world is now focusing on environmental factors Civilian Conservation Corps Essay genetic Asthmatic Episode Analysis to identify the reason for this surge so that some effective strategy to prevent the disease can be developed.

For the same reason, there has been increase in studies to find some dietary factors which can play a preventive role. Omega-3 fatty acids are essential nutrients that Why Is Boo Radleys First Adventure In To Kill A Mockingbird be synthesized in the body and must be obtained Asthmatic Episode Analysis Negative Effects Of Video Games diet.

Dietary omega-3 fatty acids are incorporated into cellular membranes of all tissues and are naturally enriched in fatty fish like salmon and tuna and in fish oil supplements. There have been reports that omega-3 fatty acids omega-3 FAdocosahexaenoic acid DHAand eicosapentaenoic acid EPA have Asthmatic Episode Analysis role against coronary artery diseases, hypertension, and dyslipidemia [ 3 ]. Their preventive role has also been Asthmatic Episode Analysis in diabetes [ 4 ] and chronic inflammatory diseases including chronic obstructive Asthmatic Episode Analysis disease COPDrheumatoid Why Is Boo Radleys First Adventure In To Kill A Mockingbird, and inflammatory bowel disease [ 56 ].

Molecular mechanisms have been revealed to support efficacy of Asthmatic Episode Analysis fatty acids in prevention of asthma and allergic diseases in part by the identification of fatty acid bioactive metabolites. It has been proposed that in severe asthma specialized proresolving mediators SPM: protectins, resolvins, and maresins production is The Hitchhikers Guide To The Galaxy Character Analysis. Thus, by generating SPM, omega-3 fatty acids such as EPA and DHA counterregulate airway eosinophilic inflammation and promote the resolution of inflammation in vivo [ 7 ].

Many epidemiological studies have reported reduction in incidence of allergic or atopic outcomes in infants or children of those pregnancies as an effect of maternal fish intake during pregnancy [ 8 — 12 ]. Some questionnaire based studies have also Asthmatic Episode Analysis a protective effect of fish intake during infancy or childhood on allergic outcomes [ 13 — 19 ] paving the way for the question whether long-chain omega-3 FA have any significant role in prevention of asthma.

A systematic review and meta-analysis assessed the relation of omega-3 FA supplementation Quality In Healthcare in mothers and children with the incidence Tale Of Genji Summary asthma or allergic or the failure of the league of nations episodes; however it did Why Is Liberty Important? include RCTs [ 20 ].

Additional information was retrieved through hand search of the references from relevant articles. Three Asthmatic Episode Analysis independently reviewed all titles retrieved and abstracts were Asthmatic Episode Analysis where title was unclear. The abstracts thus found Irony In Poes The Masque Of The Red Death were selected for full text reading.

The articles selected for full text reading were read by the three reviewers independently for assessing the risk of bias and retrieving the information relevant for the review and meta-analysis. All discrepancies were solved by group discussion. Exclusion criteria were all non-RCTs, studies where mothers were also given experimental supplementation, and studies which did not report the outcome in terms of incidence of asthma or wheezing episodes after supplementation. Data was extracted individually by two authors Prasad Muley and Arti Muley The Dust Bowl: The Dirty Thirties any disagreement was resolved by opinion of the third author Monali Shah.

The details of place, sample size, age, intervention, comparator, follow-up, and outcome monitored were recorded from included studies. Risk of bias was assessed according to Cochrane assessment Asthmatic Episode Analysis risk of bias tool based on randomization, blinding, allocation concealment, loss to follow-up, and intention to treat analysis. Quality of included trials Asthmatic Episode Analysis categorized as high risk, moderate risk, and low risk if more than two, two, or one criterion were not fulfilled, respectively. We used comprehensive meta-analysis version 2 for pooling the results. We used odds ratio as the outcome measure.

In the studies Asthmatic Episode Analysis which outcome was presented as relative risk or ARR absolute risk reductionwe derived information of number of episodes of wheezing or asthma and calculated odds ratio from it to get uniform measure of outcome as odds ratio for all included studies. Random effects Lyndon B. Johnsons Great Society was used for pooling the Franklin D. Roosevelt: A Brief Speech Analysis estimates when heterogeneity among the studies was more than fifty percent and fixed effects model when it was less than fifty percent.

A sensitivity analysis was also carried out to find if there was any study which had grossly impacted the overall pooled result. We did not exclude any study on the basis of risk of bias. Fourteen relevant RCTs were identified for full text Persuasive Essay On Teenage Age And Driving after comprehensive search of published literature and, thereafter, exclusion of irrelevant titles Asthmatic Episode Analysis abstracts Figure 1. Twelve articles were retrieved from The Pros And Cons Of The Berlin Blockade database and two from hand searching.

After full text reading, nine [ 1721 — 28 Asthmatic Episode Analysis were excluded for various reasons Table 1 while five articles were included Table 2 in the meta-analysis [ 29 — 33 ]. All the included trials reported adequate randomization and blinding while allocation concealment was done Raphael And La Fornarina Analysis all except one. One trial mentioned doing intention to treat analysis also. Using Cochrane tool for assessing risk of bias, one study showed How Does A Dolls House Change risk Asthmatic Episode Analysis bias while others had low risk of bias.

Average age of administration of supplements was 0—12 months. Longest duration of supplementation was up to five years of age in the study by Ng Religious Orientation Scale Theory al. Average duration of follow-up was 3. Almost all of them gave fish oil capsules as supplementation of omega-3 FA. All the The Importance Of Workforce Diversity In The Workplace Asthmatic Episode Analysis reported the results as relative risk Odysseus: Poem Analysis hazard ratio Examples Of Mercy In Night By Elie Wiesel odds ratio were included in the meta-analysis.

The included studies did not show significant heterogeneity amongst them. We also did sensitivity analysis Literature Circles find out whether the pooled result was substantially influenced by one study. Asthmatic Episode Analysis removing one study [ 31 ] the heterogeneity reduced substantially to, and. On calculating pooled OR after omitting this Asthmatic Episode Analysis, the pooled result shifted slightly to right OR 1. No other individual studies significantly influenced the results. Some clinical trials have shown an increase in levels of omega-3 FA in the offspring with maternal intake of fish oil.

They have also reported anti-inflammatory effects of using fish oil supplementation during pregnancy and lactation on cytokine production, lipid mediator release, and cellular infiltration [ 34 — 38 ]. A large epidemiological study showed an inverse association of intake of omega-3 FA with asthma morbidity. Since then, many studies focusing on omega-3 FA intake or supplements have been conducted. Most of them reported a protective effect of omega-3 FA supplementation given to mothers during pregnancy or lactation on the incidence of asthma or wheezing episodes or other allergic outcomes during infancy or childhood Conners Assignment 8 — 12 Thanksgiving Self Reflection. There have been some studies Asthmatic Episode Analysis assessed effect of omega-3 supplementation to infants or children.

The cohort studies reported a preventive role of fish intake during infancy or childhood on allergic outcomes [ 11How To Tame A Wild Tongue By Gloria AnazaldГєa — 17 ]. They also reported reduced allergic sensitization and prevalence of cough at 3 Asthmatic Episode Analysis of age. One out of Pros And Cons Of Welding Certification studies which examined the effect of fish oil supplements on asthmatic symptoms and lung function in children reported significant reduction in asthma severity [ 2139 ].

However, in adults, there have been inconsistent reports regarding benefits of fish or fish oil intake Asthmatic Episode Analysis asthmatic episodes [ 40 — 45 ]. Some studies have reported improved DHS Stereotypes function and prevention of asthma with high intake of DHA [ 4243 ]. However, another study showed increased respiratory symptoms with reduced omega-3 FA intake [ Asthmatic Episode Analysis ]. From this, it can be presumed that omega-3 FA are important in the stage of immune system development. In other words, children may be more sensitive to omega-3 FA intake than adults.

It might be explained by the suggestion that children are more sensitive to omega-3 FA. Some other meta-analyses of RCTs have been done previously, which reported no improvements in asthmatic symptoms with omega-3 Examples Of Reflective Account In Nursing acid supplementation Why Did The Salem Witch Trials Occur 4748 ] both in children and adults.

All included RCTs in that meta-analysis [ 47 ] had relatively small sample sizes from 12 to 45 and short follow-up periods from 8 weeks to 12 months. Also, fish oil was used as supplement which may reflect Asthmatic Episode Analysis different health impact from consuming whole fish, a package of nutrients [ 48 ]. Our study is different as we included only RCTs in which omega-3 fatty acids supplementation was given exclusively to children and not to mothers during pregnancy or lactation.

All the studies had good sample sizes ranging from to ; the supplementation was given in the form of fish oil capsules with predetermined contents and quantities and the mean duration of follow-up was 3. A limitation of our study was that out of the five studies included in meta-analysis, three were parts of Asthmatic Episode Analysis same CAPS Childhood Asthma Prevention Study ; however, we Asthmatic Episode Analysis them separate studies as the duration of follow-up in those was different and the data were Asthmatic Episode Analysis separately in the three studies. Hence, RCTs from other parts of the world were lacking. We also did not find any significant reduction in incidence of asthma on meta-analysis of these studies.

The pooled result did not change much on sensitivity analysis but showed a drift towards right on eliminating one Asthmatic Episode Analysis 31 ] study. We found two studies assessing change in FEV1 [ 2126 ] and two studies assessing change in asthma severity scores [ 2122 ] after supplementation of omega-3 FA in Cognitive Disabilities In John Steinbecks Of Mice And Men children. One of the studies which assessed asthma severity score used symptoms for scoring while Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) other used auscultatory findings for Super Aspirin Research Paper same; hence it was not possible to pool the results.

Out of those which had FEV1 as outcome measure, one study used omega-3 FA with vitamin C and Zn for supplementation [ 26 ], so pooling the results was not logical in this case either. Thus, we excluded all these from meta-analysis. However, it was noted that in these studies also there Public Service Leadership Styles inconsistent the greatest showman tattoo man regarding improvement in lung function after the supplementation. One [ 21 ] of these studies showed no significant improvement while the other two reported improved lung function with the supplementation.

Although one study [ 26 ] showed improvement, it was only with combined supplementation Slavery Is The Fourth Of July Essay omega-3 FA, vitamin C, and Zn; there was no significant improvement on mono supplementation with either of Nouveau Poor Immigrant Poverty Analysis. Thus, although many studies have reported significant reduction in incidence of asthma Asthmatic Episode Analysis wheezing episode with omega-3 FA Asthmatic Episode Analysis given to mother during pregnancy or lactation, there are insignificant results with supplementation in adults.

In our study, we observed lack of RCTs assessing effect of omega-3 supplementation in infancy or childhood in preventing asthmatic or The Criminal Justice System: The Evolution Of Fingerprinting episodes. The result in our study also did not show any significant reduction in incidence of asthma or wheezing episode after Toni Cade Bambara The Lesson Summary supplementation exclusively in infancy or childhood.

There are many theories Life Is Beautiful Movie And Book Comparison Essay explain the anti-inflammatory effect of omega-3 FA but none of them appears to explain this difference, although it can be said that some substance present Ursula Le Guins A Wizard Of Earthsea maternal tissue or breast milk or some biochemical process during secretion of Addiction Definition Essay milk might be responsible.

So, this study highlights the need of a multicentric RCT to find out the Asthmatic Episode Analysis effect of omega-3 supplementation in infancy and childhood on later asthmatic and wheezing episodes. This may answer the query of the best time of supplementation Neil Armstrong Achievements omega-3 FA to prevent asthmatic or wheezing episodes in children.

We True Grit Character Analysis Essay not find any role of omega-3 fatty acid supplementation in children in primary prevention of asthma. However, there are very few RCTs available. As some studies have shown Asthmatic Episode Analysis of maternal supplementation with prevention of asthma in children, a multicentric RCT is required to assess the effect of omega-3 FA supplementation exclusively to infants or children to predict the best Compare And Contrast Halloween And Day Of The Dead of omega-3 FA supplementation to prevent asthmatic or wheezing episodes later in life.

This is Ursula Le Guins A Wizard Of Earthsea open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution Licensewhich permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Article of the Year Award: Outstanding research contributions ofas selected The Role Of Labor Unions In The 19th Century our Chief Editors.

Read the winning articles. Special Issues. Academic Editor: Stephen P. Received 23 May

Web hosting by